#11 Original Poster (OP)
Re: Excellence and uniqueness
Why are two women witnesses equivalent to only one man?
This question is asked my by many people even by Muslims who don’t have sufficient knowledge about their religion as they consider it as injustice and inequality in Islam concerning woman.
It is not true that two female witnesses are always considered as equal to only one male witness. It is true only certain cases like financial transaction. However, Islam accepts a woman’s testimony as equal to that of a man. In fact, the woman’s testimony can even invalidate the man’s.
The woman’s testimony can even invalidate the man’s. If a man accuses his wife of unchastity, he is required by Quran to swear five times as evidence of the wife is guilt. If the wife denies and swears similarly five times, she is not considered guilty and in either case the marriage is dissolved. God, Almighty, said: “And for those who launch a charge against their spouses, and have (in support) no evidence but their own, their solitary evidence (can be received) if they bear witness four times (with an oath) by God that they are solemnly telling the truth; and the fifth (oath) (should be) that they solemnly invoke the curse of God on themselves if they tell a lie. But it would avert the punishment from the wife, if she bears witness four times (with an oath) By God, that (her husband) is telling a lie; and the fifth (oath) should be that she solemnly invokes the wrath of God on herself if (her accuser) is telling the truth.”(chapter 24: verse 6- 9)
In other cases, women’s testimony is more valid than men. In case of breastfeeding, she is the only one and the more valid to claim that this person is your brother or sister foster. The woman maid is the only who may claim that this boy is the son of certain lady or not. Another example from Prophet Mohammed’s era is the solitary witness of Lady Aisha, prophet’s wife, is a reliable source for many men and women to take Hadiths, the saying of the prophet, as an authentic one. Lady Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) has narrated no less than 2220 Hadiths (the saying of the prophet) which are considered authentic only on her solitary evidence. This is sufficient proof that one witness of a woman can also be accepted.
ركن المتحدثين الداعية محمد حجاب و زائرين فى الهايد
Why are 2 witnesses who are women, equivalent to only 1 ...
Why are 2 witnesses who are women, equivalent to only 1 witness who is a man?Dr. Zakir Naik(Urdu) - YouTube
#12 Original Poster (OP)
Re: Excellence and uniqueness
why does two female equal one male in financial transaction? Are women inferior to men? Do women have weaker memories than men?
In this scientific age, we explore the significance of this legislation. Actually, this injunction is in perfect harmony with the nature and psychology of the woman as seen in psychologists, psychiatrists, and medical research.
As women, we are aware of the cyclical psychological strains that a woman has to encounter every month. The symptoms during early pregnancy, ante- natal, post- natal, depression, the phenomenon of menopause, the physiological and psychological problems due to infertility and the problems faced after miscarriage.
It is under these situations that women can experience extraordinary psychological strains giving rise to depression, lack of concentration, slow- mindedness and short term memory loss. Psychiatry in practice, April 1983 issue states: “Forty percent of women suffer from pre- menstrual syndrome…..”
The length review portrays how female behavior is affected in these situations. In the pre- menstrual syndrome: C. Shreeves writes: “Reduced powers of concentration and memory are familiar aspects of the pre- menstrual syndrome…..”
This doesn’t mean, of course, that women are mentally deficient absolutely. “Reduced powers of concentration and memory are familiar aspects of the pre- menstrual syndrome and can only be remedied by treating the underlying complaint." This does not mean, of course, that women are mentally deficient absolutely. It just means that their mental faculties can become affected at certain times in the biological cycle. Shreeves also writes: "As many as 80 percent of women are aware of some degree of pre-menstrual changes, 40 percent are substantially disturbed by them, and between 10 and 20 percent are seriously disabled as a result of the syndrome.”
We read in Psychological Medicine: "Many studies have reported an increased likelihood of various negative affects during the pre-menstrual period. In this affective category are many emotional designations including irritability, depression, tension, anxiety, sadness, insecurity, lethargy, loneliness, tearfulness, fatigue, restlessness and changes of mood. In the majority of studies, investigators have found it difficult to distinguish between various negative affects, and only a few have allowed themselves to be excessively concerned with the differences which might or might not exist between affective symptoms." Psychological Medicine, Monograph Supplement 4, 1983, Cambridge University Press, p.6.
Post- natal depression
There are considerable sleep difficulties. The mothers lose interest in the things they enjoyed prior to the baby's birth, and find that their concentration is impaired. They often feel irrational guilt, and blame themselves for being 'bad' wives and mothers. Fifty percent of these women are not identified as having a depressive illness. Unfortunately, many of them do not understand what ails them and blame their husbands, their babies or themselves until the relationships are strained to an alarming degree." Psychiatry in Practice, May, 1987, p.18
This phase in a woman's life can start at any time from the mid-thirties to the mid-fifties and can last for as long as 15 years. In this phase, many women pass with many various psychological changes that may affect their mental capabilities.
It is in light of the above findings of psychologist, psychiatrists and researchers, we find the significance of this ruling as God who is the creator of men and women and He is the All-Knowing of their physical, mental, and physiological differences.
\\\\ Women's Rights in Islam: Subjugation or Liberation? | ...
Women in Islam, Liberated or Subjugated? - AbdurRaheem ...
#13 Original Poster (OP)
Re: Excellence and uniqueness
In fact, slavery was prevalent throughout the world before the advent of Islam. Slaves were part of the social and psychological system.
What are the rights of slaves in Islam and in the non-Muslim countries?
1-In non-Muslim countries slaves almost have no rights:
a-They are treated as a commodity or merchandise; they are considered property to their owner.
b-They are forced to do toiled (hard) work in the field from dawn to sunset.
c-They get little portion of food just to live.
d-They sleep in groups and cells and most of time they are tied.
F-Slave girls are exposed to violence and rape.
2- In Islam, slaves are considered as citizens having all rights of citizenship:
• In Islam, all Muslims are brothers as they have a common descent. The Prophet, peace be upon him, said: "you are sons of Adam and Adam was created from clay"
• In Islam, all people are equal, as the Prophet, peace be upon him, said:
"You should know that no Arab is superior over a non-Arab and, non-Arab is superior over any Arab, no white is superior over black and no black is superior over white. Superiority is by righteousness and God-fearing (alone)."
• In Islam, fraternity joins all Muslims, Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said:"Your servant and your slaves are you brothers. Anyone who has slaves should give them from what he eats and wears. He should not charge them with work beyond their capabilities. If you must set them to hard work, in any case I advise you to help them."
• In Islam, slaves are protected even from verbal abusing, the prophet (PBUH) said:"Not one of you should (when introducing someone) say ‘this is my slave’,’this is my concubine’. He should call them ‘my daughter’ or ‘my son’ or ‘my brother’."
• There were, in addition, strict principels enforced as a law: the Prophet (pbuh) said: "Whosoever kills his slave, he shall be killed, whosoever imprisons his slave and starves him, he shall be imprisoned and starved himself."
• Beside such sanctions, which made the master behave with care, the slave also enjoys the legal right to earn money and hold property independently of his master, the right to keep his religion and to have a family life with the attendant rights and obligations.
• Finally, the slave has the right to buy his freedom (the master has not the right in this case to reject the slave’s request for freedom).
Islam and Slavery - By Dr. Zakir Naik - YouTube
Choice Of Freedom For Slaves - YouTube
#14 Original Poster (OP)
Re: Excellence and uniqueness
متحدث جديد يفاجئ الجميع بأسلوبه الهادئ وبلاغته في ركن الخطباء
الداعية عثمان بن فاروق مع قس نصراني .. مناظرة أثمرت بإسلام شرطي كان يستمع لهما
صافحني_ شمسي يدعو سيدة بريطانية الي الإسلام
معتنق يروي قصته! Speaker's corner
ملحد يسأل شمسي عن الخمر في الجنة Speaker's corner
#15 Original Poster (OP)
Re: Excellence and uniqueness
Why didn't Islam prohibit slavery by a ruling like Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation?
Truthfully, if we want to talk about this issue, we have to talk about how slavery was banned in America.
Abraham Lincoln was one of the great presidents of America who issued the Emancipation proclamation in 1863 to abolish slavery. It freed 4 million black slaves which led to quake the society. This resulted in a civil war that lasted for 5 years and left 500,000 dead and 500,000 injured. And one million out of four died out of sick or hunger for they could not afford themselves.
Later in 1865, The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution outlaws slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime.
Then number of amendments granted the slaves citizenship and right to vote, but it was not applied.
In 1879, in what known as Kansas exodus, the United States witnessed a mass immigration of the black Americans who escaped discrimination.
In 1896 the Racial segregation was applied.
The years between 1945 and 1970 witnessed a lot of struggles and civil movements.
Despite all these efforts, racism still exists in the United States till nowadays.
Slavery exists nowadays in various countries in many forms (women - children trafficking - legalizing prostitution - the red light districts are prevalent in USA, some European & Far East countries - illegal trade of human organs)
So, it is apparent that solving issues which are so ingrained in society in such an abrupt manner can have several adverse effects. As we see that 150 years after the abolition of slavery, Black people still could not sit next to white people on public buses.
This is because of the way Mrs. Lincoln and his followers fixed the problem of slavery. He did not realize that slavery is just a symptom, while the disease itself is Racism. And this is the most dangerous thing, treating the symptom instead of treating the disease itself.
On the contrary, Islam offered the right solution for the problem of slavery. It took drastic measures and radical solution to uproot racism which was a social malady. At the same time, Islam got rid of slavery in a gradual manner, without shaking the foundation of society. This is why we have no slaves, but in America there are still because they have racism.
Islam is the Solution of Racism by Ahmed Deedat - YouTube
Freely Speaking With Ginna Lewis - Sheikh Ahmed Deedat ...
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