Pahlawan Nasional : Tuanku Imam Bonjol


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Tuanku Imam Bonjol was not from Minahasa, but he died in Minahasa near Pineleng on November 6, 1864 as an exile. He was orginally from West Sumatra. "Tuanku Imam Bonjol" is a title, which was given to religious teachers in Sumatra. Imam Bonjol's real name is Peto Syarif Ibnu Pandito Bayanuddin. He was the most popular leader of the Padri movement in Sumatra, which orginally opposed gambling, cockfighting, the use of opium, strong drink, tobacco, etc., but eventually included resistance toward the Dutch, which resulted in the Padri Wars (1821-1838). In 1837, Imam Bonjol's village was taken over by the Dutch, and Imam Bonjol eventually surrendered. He was exiled to several places in Indonesia with the last place of exile being Minahasa. He is recognized as a national hero.